stanza
a group of lines in a poem, separated by space, that conveys an idea

meter
the recurrence of a pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables

syllables
a part of a word that has one vowel sound, with or without surrounding consonants

stressed syllables
a part of a word (containing a vowel sound) that is emphasized when spoken aloud; a repetitive pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables gives a poem a rhythmic or musical quality

rhyme scheme
the arrangement of rhymes in the stanza of a poem

imagery
writers use words to help the reader see, hear, feel, and experience an idea

assonance
the use of words that have the same or very similar sounds near one another

similes
when a writer compares two different things using LIKE or AS

metaphors
when a writer compares two different things WITHOUT using LIKE or AS

acrostic
poetry in which the first letter of each line, when read vertically, spell out a word; the word is usually the subject of the poem

couplet
two-line poems with a fun and simple rhyming pattern; each line has the same meter and their endings rhyme with one another; often humorous

diamante poems
diamond-shaped poems of seven lines that are written using part of speech

haiku
ancient Japanese poem with no rhyme; often deal with nature; has three lines with a fixed number of syllables

bio poem
a poem about a person

tanka
another Japanese poetry form that depends on the number of lines and syllables instead of rhyme

cinquain
a form of poetry consisting of five lines; each has required number of syllables and a specific topic

limerick
whimsical poems with five lines; lines one, two and five rhyme with each other and lines three and four rhyme with each other (AABBA)

shape poems (concrete poems)
a poem that forms a visible picture on the page that typically reflects the subject of the poem

free verse poetry
poetry without rules of form, rhyme, rhythm, or meter; usually arranged in stanzas and lines (not paragraphs)

quatrain
rhyming poems of four lines; poets use letters to express the rhyme pattern or scheme; there are four types