concrete
a poem shaped to look like its subject

lyric
a poem that expresses a personal thought or emotion

haiku
a 3-line poem usually on the subject of nature, with 5 syllables each in the first and third lines and seven syllables in the second line

limerick
a humorous five-line poem that follows a specific form

narrative poem
a poem that tells a story

ballad
an example of a narrative poem

poetry
imaginative writing in which language, images, sound, and rhythm combine to create a special emotional effect

prose
the kind of writing that is used in short stories, novels, works of nonfiction, journalism, and so forth, and is distinguished from poetry because it is written in lines from margin to margin in everyday speech

stanzas
a group of lines forming a unit in a poem

rhythm
the pattern of beats made by stressed and unstressed syllables in the lines of a poem

stated theme
a theme that the author expresses directly in the work

implied theme
a theme that is not stated directly in the work but is suggested by the work’s other elements

rhyme
the repetition of the same or similar sounds in words that appear near each other in a poem

theme
the central idea of a literary work (to include poems), usually expressed as a generalization about life

end-stopped lines
in poetry, a line in which a pause occurs naturally at the end of the line

run-on lines
in poetry, a line in which the meaning continues beyond the line

repetition
the repeated use of sounds, words, phrases, or lines

imagery
language that appeals to the senses

concrete language
specific words that appeal to the five senses and are used to create images

alliteration
the repetition of consonant sounds, most often at the beginning of words

metaphor
a figure of speech that compares 2 different things without using “like” or “as is”

simile
a figure of speech that directly compares 2 differnet things using the words “like” or “as”

onomatopoeia
the use of a word or phrase that imitates or suggests the sound of what it describes

hyperbole
obvious exaggeration used for effect

assonance
similarity in sound between internal vowels in neighboring words

irony
a difference between the way things seem to be and the way they actually are

personification
when an object takes on a human characteristic