diction
words author chooses

connotation
meaning beyond the dictionary

imagery
writing that evokes the five senses

syntax
arrangement of words

verbal irony
sarcasm

dramatic irony
reader knows something a character doesn’t

situational irony
situation occurs in an unexpected way

elegy
contemplative poem, usually about death

lyric
personal thoughts or feelings

sonnet
14 lined, usually about love

iaimb
1 unstressed syllable, 1 stressed syllable

ode
poem adresses a single object or condition

tone
narrator’s attitude

mood
the feelings the reader experiences as a result of the tone

oxymoron
a phrase that doesn’t make literal sense (eg. jumbo shrimp)

enjambent
the line doesn’t stop at the ‘end’

onomatopoeia
BAM!

cadence
rise and fall of voice

alliteration
repetition of consonants

assonance
repetition of vowels

caesura
pause

pentameter
5 feet

tetrameter
4 feet

paradox
a contradiction that makes sense

blank verse
poetry written in an unrhymed iambic pentameter

couplet
two lines of poetry

quatrain
four lines of poetry

denotation
dictionary definition

meter
pattern of rhythm

iamb
metrical foot