Celts
Settled on Britain between 800 and 600 BC. Farmers and hunters. Lived in clans. Druids were priests.

Romans
Conquered Britain beginning in 55 BC. Much more sophisticated. Road system, military forces, laws, common language. Left AD in 47 to defend Roman.

Anglo-Saxons
Invaded from Germany. Fisherman, Farmers. Became Christians during the 7th century. Ruled until Norman Conquest.

Scops
Professional parrots and performers relied on rhythm and alliteration, served as entertainment and historians.

Caedmon
First English poet.

Bede
History of the English Church and People.

Beowulf
Hero.

Grendel
A demon that preys on Hrothgar’s warriors.

Grendel’s Mother
Terrorization of Heorot is explained by her desire for vengeance.

Dragon
Guards a horde of treasure in a hidden mound and Beowulf defeats him shortly before his death.

King Hrothgar
The king of the Danes. Has military success and prosperity until Grendel terrorizes his realm.

Herot
The mead-hall.

Kenning
Compound expression in poetry with metaphorical meaning. EX: hell-hole

Aliteration
Occurrence of the same letter or sound at the beginning of adjacent or closely connected words.

Lyric Poetry
Short poem present a single speaker expressing a strong emotion. Originally was a song sung to the accompaniment of a lyre.

What are the three types of Lyric Poetry?
Elegy, Ode, Sonnet

Elegy
Lyric poem that expresses grief or lament.

Ode
Lyric poem that deals with a serious subject. It expresses exalted emotion in an elevated or complex style.

Sonnet
Lyric poem devoted to expression of a single idea or movement of feeling.

Narrative Poetry
Poetry that tells a story.

What are the three types of Narrative Poetry?
Epic, Ballad, Dramatic

Epic
Deals with great events or adventures of a hero. Fate of a nation or race depends on the heroes actions.

Ballad
Narrative poem which relates in simple language or verse the story of adventure.

Dramatic
Any poem written in verse form which tells a story by means of action and dialogue.