a statement that seems contradictory, but is not. ex. socrates-the more you know, the more you know you don’t know
repeated syntactical similarities used for effect
A phrase set off by commas that interrupt the flow of a sentence
exaggerating a specific work so that it appears ridiculous; a work created to mock, comment on, or poke fun at an original work, its subject, or author, or some other target by means of humorous, satirical, or ironic imitation.
A poem set in tranquil nature
a clichéd personification of nature; the treatment of inanimate objects as if they had human feelings, thoughts, or sensations.
a line of verse containing five metrical feet ex. In sooth/I now/not why/I am/so sad.
a sentence that is grammatically incomplete until its final phrase
the character created by the author to narrate
Adding superfluous words to extend the message you are trying to give
inanimate objects or animals take on human shape or characteristics
An italian sonnet (14 lines) composed of an octave rhyming abbaabba and a sestet of varying rhyme schemes, often cdecde.
an introductory poem to a longer work of verse
An author’s personal symbol that the reader understands through context
the main character of a novel or play
a writer who is speaking for all people ex. WE the people…
humorous use of a word in a way to suggest two or more meanings
initial sounds of a word differ, and the rest of the sound is identical
a metrical foot with two unstressed syllables ex. TO A/green thought/IN A/green shade.
four line stanza
Five lines of poetry with no prescribed rhyme
a line or set of lines repeated several times in a poem.