Paradox
a statement that seems contradictory, but is not. ex. socrates-the more you know, the more you know you don’t know

Parallelism
repeated syntactical similarities used for effect

Parenthetical
A phrase set off by commas that interrupt the flow of a sentence

Parody
exaggerating a specific work so that it appears ridiculous; a work created to mock, comment on, or poke fun at an original work, its subject, or author, or some other target by means of humorous, satirical, or ironic imitation.

Pastoral
A poem set in tranquil nature

Pathos
a clich├ęd personification of nature; the treatment of inanimate objects as if they had human feelings, thoughts, or sensations.

Pentameter
a line of verse containing five metrical feet ex. In sooth/I now/not why/I am/so sad.

Periodic sentence
a sentence that is grammatically incomplete until its final phrase

Persona
the character created by the author to narrate

Periphrasis
Adding superfluous words to extend the message you are trying to give

Personification
inanimate objects or animals take on human shape or characteristics

Petrarchan Sonnet
An italian sonnet (14 lines) composed of an octave rhyming abbaabba and a sestet of varying rhyme schemes, often cdecde.

Prelude
an introductory poem to a longer work of verse

Private Symbol
An author’s personal symbol that the reader understands through context

Protagonist
the main character of a novel or play

Public voice
a writer who is speaking for all people ex. WE the people…

Pun
humorous use of a word in a way to suggest two or more meanings

Pure rhyme
initial sounds of a word differ, and the rest of the sound is identical

Pyrrhic
a metrical foot with two unstressed syllables ex. TO A/green thought/IN A/green shade.

Quatrain
four line stanza

Quintet
Five lines of poetry with no prescribed rhyme

Refrain
a line or set of lines repeated several times in a poem.