phonetic intensive
a word whose sound, by an obscure process, to some degree suggests its meaning; as differentiated fro onomatopoetic words, the meanings of phonetic intensives do not refer explicitly to sounds

playwright
a maker of plays

plot
the sequence of incidents or events of which a story or play is composed

plot manipulation
a situation in which an author gives the plot a twist or turn unjustified by preceding action or by the characters in volved

poeticizing
writing that uses immoderately heightened or distended language to sway the reader’s feelings

point of view
the angle of vision from which a story is told

omniscient point of view
the author tells the story using the third person, knowing all and free to tell us anything, including what the characters are thinking or feeling and why they act as they do

third-person limited point of view
the author tells the story using the third person, but is limited to a complete knowledge of one character in the story and tells us only what that one character thinks, feels, sees, or hears

first-person point of view
the story is told by one of its characters, using the first person

objective (or dramatic) point of view
the author tells the story using the third person, but is limited to reporting what the characters say or do; the author does not interpret their behavior or tells us their private thoughts or feelings

prose meaning
that part of a poem’s total meaning that can be separated out and expressed through paraphrase

prose poem
usually a short composition having the intentions of poetry but written in prose rather than verse

protagonist
the central character in a story or play

quatrain
(1) a four-line stanza
(2) a four-line division of a sonnet marked off by its rhyme scheme

realistic drama
drama that attempts, in content and in presentation, to preserve the illusion of actual, everyday life

refrain
a repeated word, phrase, line, or group of lines, normally at some fixed position in a poem written in stanzaic form