Synecdoche
A figure of speech in which a part is substituted for the whole.

Syntax
The grammatical order of words in a sentence or line of verse or dialogue.

Tercet
A three-line stanza.

Theme
The idea of a literary work abstracted from its details of language, character, and action, and cast in the form of a generalization.

Tone
The implied attitude of a writer toward the subject and characters of a work.

Understatement
A figure of speech in which a writer or speaker says less than what he or she means. Also known as meiosis or litotes.