Poetry
poetry is a short text that conveys a certain feeling by using formatting (stanzas), dialect, and can contain things like fragmented sentences
Simile
uses “like” or “as” to compare 2 unlike things
Make the speaker seem slightly unsure
EX: Her hair is blowing like a kite in the wind.
Simile
Metaphor
Cpmpares 2 unlike things (are)
figurative => actual
more authoritative
EX: Her hair is a kite in the wind.
Metaphor
Parts of a metaphor- Tenor
actual thing that is being discussed

her HAIR is a kite in the wind

Parts of a metaphor- Tenor
Parts of a metaphor- Vehicle
Thing that it is being compared to (usually figurative)

her hair is a KITE in the wind

We Will Write a Custom Essay Specifically
For You For Only $13.90/page!


order now
Parts of a metaphor- Vehicle
Auditory Devices
Language that is used because it is pleasing to the ear
Alliteration
Repeating a certain sound

Hot Hearted (H)
Beowulf was Bent upon Battle (B)

*Don’t overuse or it will become a tongue twister*

Assonance
Repetition of vowel sounds

sAme dAy (A)
hOp scOtch (O)

*Rhymes are NOT*
a,e,i,o,u *y (when it makes a ya sound)

Assonance
Slant Rhyme
Words that sound the same because they have the same number of syllables
Slant Rhyme
Consonance
focuses on repetition of a consonance sound in the middle or end of a word

“… as she gently sways at ease” (“z” sound)

Consonance
Onomatopoeia
Words that imitate sound

“boom” “pow” “bang” “crash”

Onomatopoeia
Imagery
Strong wording that allows the reader to put themselves into the text by gathering an image in their minds
Imagery
HOW TO WRITE A FREE VERSE POEM
-eliminate unnecessary words
-Create line breaks
>short: drama, tension (think staccato)
>long: emotional release
> medium: clarity
-Exchange dull wording
Ex: Sadness => Sorrow
-Add poetic devices
HOW TO WRITE A FREE VERSE POEM
Little Willie Poems
– 4 lines (quatrain)
– AABB rhyme scheme
– Categorized by…
>Gore/Mischief
>Little Willie is a small child
>Adults are absent/clueless
>British and propper
Little Willie Poems
Sonnets
-14 lines
-Rhyme Scheme
-Typically No title
Shakespearean Sonnet
-3 quatrains
>abab cdcd efef
-1 couplet
>gg
Shakespearean Sonnet
Italian Sonnet
-octave
>abbaabba
-sestet
>cdcdcd
Italian Sonnet
Spenserian Sonnet
-3 quatrains
>abab bcbc cdcd
-1 couplet
>ee
Spenserian Sonnet
Quatrain
4 lines that go together
ex: abab
ex: abba
Quatrain
Couplet
2 lines that rhyme
ex: aa
Couplet
Octive
8 lines that go together
ex: abbaabba
Octive
sestet
6 lines that go together
ex: ababab
sestet
Sonnet Topics
-Love
-Meditative
-Nature
-Elegiac (expressing sorrow)
-Celebratory
Sonnet Format
=> Starts with a question or problem
=> Most of the poem concerns itself with an attempt to work out the problem
=> At the end, the problem is solved, question is answered, or there is a turn of events
Enjambment
Continuing a thought onto the next line.
Haiku
-3 lines
-syllabic pattern (5,7,5)
– Japanese origin
– Traditional Haiku’s deal with nature
Haiku
Analyzing Poetry
-define unknown words
-read once at regular speed for a gist
-take apart line by line/stanza by stanza
-Identify poetic devices
-Analyze Title
-What is the tone?
-Who is the speaker?
-Interpretation
-Textual Connection