Poetry
poetry is a short text that conveys a certain feeling by using formatting (stanzas), dialect, and can contain things like fragmented sentences

Simile
uses “like” or “as” to compare 2 unlike things
Make the speaker seem slightly unsure
EX: Her hair is blowing like a kite in the wind.
Simile

Metaphor
Cpmpares 2 unlike things (are)
figurative => actual
more authoritative
EX: Her hair is a kite in the wind.
Metaphor

Parts of a metaphor- Tenor
actual thing that is being discussed

her HAIR is a kite in the wind

Parts of a metaphor- Tenor

Parts of a metaphor- Vehicle
Thing that it is being compared to (usually figurative)

her hair is a KITE in the wind

Parts of a metaphor- Vehicle

Auditory Devices
Language that is used because it is pleasing to the ear

Alliteration
Repeating a certain sound

Hot Hearted (H)
Beowulf was Bent upon Battle (B)

*Don’t overuse or it will become a tongue twister*

Assonance
Repetition of vowel sounds

sAme dAy (A)
hOp scOtch (O)

*Rhymes are NOT*
a,e,i,o,u *y (when it makes a ya sound)

Assonance

Slant Rhyme
Words that sound the same because they have the same number of syllables
Slant Rhyme

Consonance
focuses on repetition of a consonance sound in the middle or end of a word

“… as she gently sways at ease” (“z” sound)

Consonance

Onomatopoeia
Words that imitate sound

“boom” “pow” “bang” “crash”

Onomatopoeia

Imagery
Strong wording that allows the reader to put themselves into the text by gathering an image in their minds
Imagery

HOW TO WRITE A FREE VERSE POEM
-eliminate unnecessary words
-Create line breaks
>short: drama, tension (think staccato)
>long: emotional release
> medium: clarity
-Exchange dull wording
Ex: Sadness => Sorrow
-Add poetic devices
HOW TO WRITE A FREE VERSE POEM

Little Willie Poems
– 4 lines (quatrain)
– AABB rhyme scheme
– Categorized by…
>Gore/Mischief
>Little Willie is a small child
>Adults are absent/clueless
>British and propper
Little Willie Poems

Sonnets
-14 lines
-Rhyme Scheme
-Typically No title

Shakespearean Sonnet
-3 quatrains
>abab cdcd efef
-1 couplet
>gg
Shakespearean Sonnet

Italian Sonnet
-octave
>abbaabba
-sestet
>cdcdcd
Italian Sonnet

Spenserian Sonnet
-3 quatrains
>abab bcbc cdcd
-1 couplet
>ee
Spenserian Sonnet

Quatrain
4 lines that go together
ex: abab
ex: abba
Quatrain

Couplet
2 lines that rhyme
ex: aa
Couplet

Octive
8 lines that go together
ex: abbaabba
Octive

sestet
6 lines that go together
ex: ababab
sestet

Sonnet Topics
-Love
-Meditative
-Nature
-Elegiac (expressing sorrow)
-Celebratory

Sonnet Format
=> Starts with a question or problem
=> Most of the poem concerns itself with an attempt to work out the problem
=> At the end, the problem is solved, question is answered, or there is a turn of events

Enjambment
Continuing a thought onto the next line.

Haiku
-3 lines
-syllabic pattern (5,7,5)
– Japanese origin
– Traditional Haiku’s deal with nature
Haiku

Analyzing Poetry
-define unknown words
-read once at regular speed for a gist
-take apart line by line/stanza by stanza
-Identify poetic devices
-Analyze Title
-What is the tone?
-Who is the speaker?
-Interpretation
-Textual Connection