Noun
Person, Place, Thing, or Idea

Verb
expresses action or state of being

Pronoun
takes the place of a noun

Adjective
a word that modifies a noun or pronoun

Adverb
modifies a verb, an adjective, or another adverb

Preposition
a word that shows the relationship of a noun or pronoun to another word

Conjunction
a word that joins two phrases or sentences

Interjection
A word that expresses emotion

Indirect Characterization
—> What the characters say, do, think, waer, look like, where they are, etc.

Direct Characterization
—> Through the author’s direct statement

Participant or Internal Point of View
FIRST PERSON

Non- participant or External Point of View
THIRD PERSON

Omniscienct Narrator
Knows what ALL characters are thinking

Limited Omniscient
Knows what a few or one character is thinking

Objective Narrator
Does not know what any characters are thinking

Antagonist
Bad Person of the Story

Protagonist
Good person of the story

Conflict
– Human vs. Human
-Human vs. Self
-Human vs. Nature
-Human vs. Society
-Human vs. Fate

Theme
Moral of the story

Simile
a figure of speech that expresses a resemblance between things of different kinds (usually formed with ‘like’ or ‘as’)

Metaphor
comparison not using like or as

Personification
A figure of speech in which an object or animal is given human feelings, thoughts, or attitudes

Alliteration
use of the same consonant at the beginning of each stressed syllable in a line of verse

Assonance
repetition of vowel sounds

Onomatopeia
a word that imitates a sound

Connotation
an idea that is implied or suggested—> The bigger meaning ( Ex. HOME–> family, sleeping, dinner, etc.)

Imagery
the ability to form mental images of things or events

Irony
The use of words to convey a meaning that is the opposite of its literal meaning

stanza
a group of lines in a poem