What is epic poetry?
long narrative poem that addresses universal issues while usually containing a hero
What is internal rhyme?
rhyme in the middle/in a line of poetry
What is an onomatopoeia?
poetry that imitates the sound/noise of things
What is blank verse?
verse with no rhyme or regular meter and imitates natural speech
What is a ballad?
narrative poem that is meant to be sung and contains dialogue and repetition
What is a haiku?
Japanese poem composed of 17 syllables arranged in 3 lines of 5, 7, 5 that displays a single image
form of imagery that appeals to 1 sense when another sense is stimulated
synesthesia
Poetry needs to be read _______.
aloud
Name 5 sensory images poets use.
sight
smell
taste
sound
touch
lyric poems expressing romantic feelings
love lyric poems
What are the 3 stages to reading a poem?
get ready
get to know the poem
get into the poem
unstressed, í
iamb
í, unstressed
trochee
unstressed unstressed, í
anapest
í, unstressed unstressed
dactyl
What is the most common meter in English poetry?
iambic pentameter
Name ALL factors that poets use to bring out the musical quality of language, emphasize ideas, create a mood, and reinforce subject matter.
assonance
alliteration
rhythm
consonance
onomatopeia
imagery
repetition of consonant sounds within and at the end of words
consonance
occurrence of similar or identical sounds at the end of 2 or more words
rhyme
the pattern or flow of sound created by the arrangement of syllables
rhythm
repetition of vowel sounds within words
assonance
repetition of regular rhythmic unit in a line of poetry
meter
poem that tells a story using characters, setting, and plot to develop a theme
narrative poetry
What is free verse?
poetry that has no regular patterns of rhyme or meter and mimics everyday speech
short poem that expresses thoughts and feelings of a single speaker
lyric poetry
language that communicates ideas beyond the literal meanings of words
figurative language
repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words
alliteration
the pattern of end rhyme in poetry
rhyme scheme
group of lines forming the basic reoccurring metrical unit in a poem
stanza
rhyming of words at the end of poetry
end rhyme
use of figurative language that appeals to our 5 senses
imagery
figure of speech comparing 2 different things using “like” or “as”
simile
figure of speech comparing 2 different things without using “like” or “as”
metaphor
attribution of personal human/nature characteristics given to something nonhuman
personification
What is iambic pentameter?
line of verse with 5 metrical feet, each consisting of a unstressed and stressed syllable
ballad handed down orally with 4 line stanzas
folk ballad
ballad written by 1 author with 4 line stanzas
literary ballad
Discuss one major author of a haiku.
MATSUO BASHO
— Japan’s greatest Haiku poet
— became interested as a young boy, wrote brilliant work in his 20s, then became a professional teacher of poetry
— his poems often are set in nature and are infused with the spirit of Zen Buddhism (which he studied)
— His Haiku (talked about a soldiers dream and the promise of summer but is only a dream. It shows sadness and nostalgia)
Give an example of epic poetry.
— Who was it written by?
— Why was it written?
Iliad (or Odyssey)(also Nemo)
— Homer
— during Trojan war (showed hardships and struggles)
What is an Epic Hero?
figure of great national importance, usually ideal of his culture, often has divine traits, greater in all ways than common man
Discuss some characteristics of epic poetry.
— usually contain many volumes/books
— original text usually has rhyme/poetic devices
— often rhyming couplets (aa, bb, cc)
— reoccurring lines
— contains a hero
— narrator invokes a muse
— contains battles, romance, great journey, supernatural influence, decent into underworld/rebirth
— most start as “oral tradition” but soon memorized and recited ceremonially
What are the 3 stages of the hero’s journey in epic poetry? Describe them.
— separation (becomes aware beyond normal existence, refusal of their call, and crossing of 1st threshold)

— initiation (meeting with goddess, hero is transformed into full potential)

— return (refusal of return, magical flight of rescue, crossing return threshold, master of 2 worlds, freedom to live)

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Who was William Wordsworth?
— most influential British poet
— argued that poetry should offer access to the emotions
— says people become selfish and immoral when distance themselves from nature
T/F.
Dramatic Poetry emphasizes the activity of the imagination accompanied by the importance of intuition as well as instincts and spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings.
false
Romantic Lyric Poetry emphasizes the activity of the imagination accompanied by the importance of intuition as well as instincts and spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings.
What is the difference in what enlightenment thinkers and romantics think?
–Enlightenment thinkers–
– all men created equal
– emotions hindered rationally
– trust in science and power of human reason

–Romantics–
– all men created unique
– accepts emotions as only true way to understand world
-emphasized intuition, imagination, and feeling

Discuss some characteristics of lyric poetry.
— 1st person accounts of thoughts and feelings of a specific moment (feelings are extreme but personal)
— solitary life rather than living in society
— nature as a refuge from constructions of civilization
— imagination as creative power
T/F.
Romanticism has very little to do with things thought of as “romantic,” but may be subject or romantic art.
true
Can lyric poetry be a ballad?
sometimes
type of poem that uses 1 or several of the techniques associated with drama
dramatic poetry
presents only 1 speaker who addresses a silent listener
dramatic monologue
Name the 3 things that all narrative poems will have.
setting
characters
plot
What is a Shakespearean sonnet?
aka English sonnet which has 3 quatrains, a rhyming couplet, and 14 lines
What is a Petrarchan sonnet?
aka Italian sonnet which is divided into 2 stanzas (octave or sestet), and is also the forerunner of a Shakespearean sonnet)
Discuss the 2 stanzas in Petrarchan sonnets.
— octave (8 lines)(abba abba)(states ? or problem)
— sestet (6 lines)(cdecde)(states response)