Poem
type of writing in which words are chosen and arranged to create a strong feeling, message, or image through meaning, sound, and rythm

Prose
writing that uses sentences

Stanzas
groups of lines set apart by spaces

Rhyme
describes words with the same ending sound

Rhyme scheme(s)
ending of certain lines that follows a clear rhyming pattern and are shown by letters

Rhythm
pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of poetry, creates a beat

Meter
recurring pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables

Repetition
repeating of words or lines in poetry, helps unify a poem or reinforce the meaning or theme

Alliteration
repetition of an initial consonant sound

Figurative language
to create images or impressions in the reader’s mind

Simile
a comparison using the word “like” or “as”

Metephor
a comparison that does not use the word “like” or “as”

Personification
when human qualities are assigned to nonhuman things

Symbolism
the use of an object to stand for a thing or idea

Point of view
position or outlook from which the speaker tells a story or observes something

Speaker
like a narrator of a story

Theme
message the poet wants to share with readers

Tone
speaker’s attitude toward the topic of the poem

Ballad
a short poem that tells a story and consists of stanzas of two to four lines and a refrain, or a series of lines that repeat

Free verse
a poem that does not follow any rules of rhythm or rhyme

Lyric poem
short poem focused on the speaker’s thoughts or feelings; often similar to a song

Ode
a poem that includes two or more stanzas with similar structures; each line must rhyme with another line in the same stanza; usually a serious poem about meaningful topic

Epic Poem
a long poem that tells about the adventures of a hero or a historic event, such as a great millitary victory

Sonnet
a poem that has fourteen lines with ten to twelve syllables per line; in many sonnets, an idea is developed throughout most of the poem, until the last two or six lines question that idea (The final lines are called a turn or volta.)

Denotations
the dictionary definitions of words

Connotations
meanings or feelings suggested or implied by a word, seperate from its dictionary definition