Litotes
IRONIC UNDERSTATEMENT. a peculiary anglo saxon backhand way of saying something positive by denying something negative

Kenning
A device employed in Anglo-Saxon poetry in which the name of a thing is replaced by one of its functions or qualities, as in “ring-giver” for king and “whale-road” for ocean.

alliteration
repetition of initial consonant sounds

wergild
the idea that people have an established worth according to their rank in society

flyting
outrageous boasting or trash talking

wyrd
fate or destiny

scops
minstrels who memorized and performed poetry

epic
a long narrative poem telling of a hero’s deeds

beowulf
bear

epithets
short descriptive pharses that define or describe a character

caesura
a pause in the line of poetry

canto
a chapter in the poem

heroic ideal
anglo saxon culture was governed by the ideals of bravery, loyalty

foreshadowing
the use of hints or clues to prepare the reader for events to come

allusions
reference to a well known person, place, event, written work, or work of art

elegiac
the changing tone of the poem