Stanza
The basic unit of form in a poem. It is a group of lines that create a unit.

Rhyme Scheme
The pattern of end rhyme in a poem shown in different letters of the alphabet.

Free Verse
Poetry that has no fixed pattern of meter, rhyme, line length, or stanza arrangement (form).

Parallelism
The use of a series of words, phrases, or sentences that have similar grammatical form.

Alliteration
The repetition of consonant sounds, generally at the beginnings of words.

Enjambment
The continuation of a sentence or phrase from one line of a poem to the next.

Meter
A regular pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables that gives a line of poetry a predictable rhythm.

End Rhyme
Rhyming words at the end of a line

Structure
This is created in a poem through the organization of its images, ideas, ideas, words and lines. ALL poems have this.

Diction
A writer’s choice of words; an important element in the writer’s voice or style.

Foot
The basic unit in the measurement of rhythm in poetry. It usually contains one stressed and one or two unstressed syllables. Iambs, trochees, dactyls, anapests, and spondees are examples of these.

Imagery
Descriptive language that appeals to one or more of the five senses. This use of sensory detail helps create an emotional response in the reader

Metaphor
A figure of speech that makes a comparison between two seemingly unlike things.

Speaker
The voice that communicates with the reader of a poem, similar to the narrator in a work of prose

Theme
The main idea or message of a story, poem, novel, or play often expressed as a general statement about life

Consonance
The repetition of consonant sounds, typically within or at the end of words that do not rhyme and are preceded by different vowel sounds.

Extended Metaphor
This kind of metaphor compares two unlike things in various ways throughout a paragraph, a stanza, or an entire selection

Paradox (H)
A situation that appears to be contradictory but is actually true, either in fact or in the figurative sense.

Parody
A humorous imitation of a literary work that aims to point out the work’s shortcomings. It may imitate the plot character’s or style of the work.

Quatrain
A four-line stanza.

Couplet
two consecutive lines of poetry that rhyme

Haiku
A traditional Japanese form of poetry
Essential aim: to capture a single moment in
nature.
17 syllables, 3 lines (5,7,5)

Simile
A comparison between two seemingly unlike things using like or as

Line
The basic unit of poetry, consisting of a word or a row of words.

Sonnet
A 14 line lyric poem, typically written in iambic pentameter and usually following strict patterns of stanza division and rhyme

Shakespearean Sonnet Form
Three Quatrains and One Couplet

Shakespearean Sonnet Rhyme Scheme
Abab cdcd efef gg

Shakespearean Sonnet Meter
Iambic Pentameter

Blank Verse
Unrhymed iambic pentameter

Slant Rhyme
rhyme in which the vowel sounds are nearly, but not exactly the same (i.e. the words “stress” and “kiss”);It involves consonance (“jackal” and “buckle”; sometimes called half-rhyme, near rhyme, or partial rhyme

Exact Rhyme
The repetition of the same stressed vowel sounds and any succeeding sounds in two or more words.

Simile
A comparison between two seemingly unlike things using “like” or “as.”

Assonance
The repetition of same or similar vowel sounds within nonrhyming words

Onomatopoeia
use of a word whose sound imitates or suggests its meaning

Style
The expressive qualities that distinguish an author’s work, including word choice, sentence structure, punctuation, and figures of speech.

Repetition
The recurrence of sounds, words, phrases, lines, or stanzas in a speech or literary work. Writers use this to emphasize an important point, to expand upon an idea, to help create rhythm, and to increase the feeling of unity in a work.

Personification
A figure of speech in which an animal, an object, or an idea is given human form or characteristics

Symbol
Person, place, thing, or event that stands for itself and for something beyond itself as well.

Mood
The emotional quality of a literary work created by the writer’s choice of language, subject matter, setting, diction, and tone, as well as sound devices, such as rhyme and rhythm.

Sound Devices
stylistic techniques that convey meaning through sound.
Examples: FormSome examples of sound devices are rhyme (two words having the same sound), assonance (repetition of similar vowel sounds), consonance (repetition of consonant sounds in the middle or at the end of words), alliteration (words beginning with the same consonant sound), and onomatopoeia (words that sound like their meaning).

Form
Generally used when thestructure of a poem when it has a specific characteristics: rhyme scheme, meter, stanza length, etc.

Conceit (H)
a fanciful expression, usually in the form of an extended metaphor or surprising analogy between seemingly dissimilar objects.