end rhyme
Example:
One morning in my bedroom
I was startled by a snake,
so I picked him up and took him out
and threw him in the lake.
(excluding: exact rhyme)

couplet
Example:
The snow fell softly all the night,
It made a blanket soft and white.
(excluding: end rhyme, exact rhyme)

internal rhyme
Example:
I’m alone, on my own

exact rhyme
Example:
cat, hat, bat

approximate rhyme
Example:
fellow, follow

rhythm
Example:
Twinkle, twinkle, little star
(excluding: refrain)

meter
Example:
The poetry of earth is never dead.
(hint: beats)

alliteration
Example:
pack of pariahs

assonance
Example:
breath, death

refrain
Example:
Another victim
of another senseless crime

simile
Example:
I’m like a bird
I want to fly away

metaphor
Example:
Life is a roller coaster.

personification
Example:
The flowers begged for water.

pun
Example:
I wondered why the baseball was getting bigger.
Then it hit me.

hyperbole
Example:
My backpack weighs a ton!

idiom
Example:
He cracks me up with those jokes.

verbal irony
Example:
A friend says, “That’s just great,” in a disgusted tone.

situational irony
Example:
The butcher’s son is a vegetarian.

dramatic irony
Example:
You don’t want the heroine to go down the dark hall because you know she’ll find danger there.

dialogue
Example:
Mom asks, “How was school?”
With excitement, her son answers, “It was awesome! I passed my test in Language Arts.”

dialect
Example:
“Y’all come back now.”

imagery
Example:
The taste of that first defeat was bitter indeed.

onomatopoeia
Example:
snap, crackle, pop

symbol
Example:
skull and crossbones = poison