speaker
the imaginary voice assumed by the writer of a poem

free verse
Poetry that does not have a regular meter or rhyme scheme

rhyme scheme
The pattern or sequence in which end rhyme occurs throughout a poem. The first end sound is represented with an “a,” the second end sound is represented with a “b,” and so on. When the first sound is repeated at the end of another line within the poem, it is also designated as “a.”

lyrical poetry
verse in which a speaker expresses personal thoughts and feelings

alliteration
the repetition of initial consonant sounds, such as “Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers.”

imagery
Description that appeals to the senses (sight, sound, smell, touch, taste)

personification
A figure of speech in which an object or animal is given human feelings, thoughts, or attitudes

onomatopoeia
a figure of speech in which natural sounds are imitated in the sounds of words. Simple examples include such words as buzz, hiss, hum.

metaphor
a direct comparison between dissimilar things. “Your eyes are stars” is an example.

simile
a figure of speech that uses like, as, or as if to make a direct comparison between two essentially different objects, actions, or qualities; for example, “The sky looked like an artist’s canvas.”

end rhyme
a word at the end of one line rhymes with a word at the end of another line

stanza
a group of lines in a poem or song that constitute a division (in prose: paragraph)

internal rhyme
A word inside a line rhymes with another word on the same line

hyperbole
extreme exaggeration

understatement
the opposite of exaggeration. It is a technique for developing irony and/or humor where one writes or says less than intended.

irony
the use of words to convey the opposite of their literal meaning; or, incongruity between what is expected and what actually happens

allusion
a reference to something literary, mythological, or historical that the author assumes the reader will recognize

symbol
a person, place, or object that represents something beyond itself

sarcasm
harsh, caustic personal remarks to or about someone; less subtle than irony

Harlem Renaissance
a period in the 1920s when African-American achievements in art and music and literature flourished

Langston Hughes
I, too, sing america, early to mid 1900s; poet; A Dream Differed, I, Too, Sing America; Black, Harlem Rennaisance, Civil Rights, jazz/blues

Countee Cullen
was an American Romantic poet. Cullen was one of the leading African American poets of his time, associated with the generation of black poets of the Harlem Renaissance., Yet Do I Marvel, Incident

When did the Harlem Renaissance begin?
Many suggest during World War I

What type of music was created during the Harlem Renaissance?
Jazz

What ended the period known as the Harlem Renaissance?
Race Riots

“If we must die, let it not be like hogs” is an example of what?
simile

Who wrote the poem “If we must die”?
Claude McKay

Who wrote, “My Race”, “Poem”, and “Sonnet to a Negro in Harlem”?
Helene Johnson

What was the poem “Incident” about?
a boy being called the “N” word; racism

What is the tone of the poem, “For a Lady I Know”?
sarcasm or irony

Who wrote the poems “Incident” and “For a Lady I Know?”
Countee Cullen