longest reign in British history
What year was Britain in a depression?
What were the social evils of the time?
poverty, child labor, and no restrictions on child labor
George III was ______, George IV was ____, and William IV had a _______
insane, weak, short reign
one of the greatest rulers, won respect of people, wise and capable, and had good values
How many children did Victoria and her husband have?
Who was the empress over India?
What was the richest industrial nation?
name two brilliant ministers during Victoria’s reign
William Gladstone and Benjamin Disraeli
What were three important reforms?
child labor, voting granted to working class men, state supported schools
What were 3 crisis?
unemployment, overcrowding in cities due to factories, Irish Potato famine
What did industry mean for the middle class?
What are 4 Victorian valves?
duty, moral responsibility, intellectual pursuits, prudishness
Victorians feared a _________ government
What led to greater voter power?
How were the ideal families?
father run, remote relationships out of respect, women are homemakers
The Victorians adopted some of the same forms and styles as the _________
What is the principle difference between the Victorians and Romantics?
Victorians thought literature should teach
literature sought to change people’s behaviors according to _____
literature posed deep and probed questions that led to _____ and _____ awareness
moral and social
type of literature that is reassuring and comforting (happy endings)
Name 5 novelists
Charles Dickens, George Eliot, Lewis Carroll, Thomas Hardy, Sir Arthur Conan Doyle
Name 5 poets
Robert Browning, Elizabeth Browning, Lord Alfred Tennyson, Matthew Arnold, Christina Rosetti
greatest poet of his lifetime
who began as a playwrite
who was named poet laureate after Wordsworth?
Who eloped to Italy and had one son?
Elizabeth and Robert; she was 40 and ran away despite the overprotective father’s wishes
Who was a great admirer of Byron?
Who studied as an architect?
Who was interested in dark aspects of psychology like Poe?
who wrote poems against slavery, child labor, and power of religious faith?
Whose novels are bleak, pessimistic, ironic, disturbing/about an indifferent world
Who was a school inspector for Victorian duty?
Who writes stories about loss, love, death, old age, change, and doubt?
Who studied Greek, Latin, French, Italian, History, and Philosophy?
Who was a poet, critic, essayist, and lecturer on literature, politics, society, and religion?
Who was fascinated with Arthurian settings like Romantics?
Lord Alfred Tennyson
Who wrote the ring and the book; a long poem in 12 books?
Who had poor health and lived in father’s house?
Who perfected the dramatic monologue?
Who was a candidate to succeed Wordsworth as poet laureate?
his work doesn’t seem to celebrate goodness, but he suggests virtue
Who wrote The Memoriam after the death of his friend, Arthur Hallam?
Alfred Lord Tennyson
What type of poem is the Lady of Shallot?
song-like, repetitive, and tells a story
poem that initiates natural speech, has a speaker addressing a listener who remains silent
What creates the rhythm and sound of waves in Dover Beach?
In To Marguerite, what do islands represent?
What does the Lady of Shalott weave?
images of the world in her tapestry
How is Dover Beach written?
in dramatic monologue
In Dover Beach, who is the author speaking to?
his beloved “come to the window”
What does the sea in To Marguerite define? What does it emphasize?
man’s borders and his loneliness
the Lady of Shallot is limited by what the mirror reflects just as the poet with creative ____________
How is the sound of Dover Beach?
What does Sophocles compare the tide to?
the flow of human misery
What is the only thing in To Marguerite that crosses the sea?
The Nightingale’s song
Who says islands at one time must have been a continent?
John Donne in Meditation 17
What dilemma is To Marguerite? What does it mean?
Passion vs. Restraint means we are meant to feel yet must not act on feelings
What dilemma is Dover Beach about?
Science vs. Religion
Why do people question their faith when thinking about science?
Darwin’s theory left them with doubts, it left them vulnerable