Romanticism
Artistic and intellectual movement characterized by a heightened interest in nature, emphasis on the individual’s emotion, departure from the attitudes and forms of classicism, and rebellion against social rules and conventions

When was the Romantic period?
1780-1840 AD

Jean Jacques Rousseau
French philosopher who stated that all men have certain unalienable rights including life, liberty, and the pursuit of personal property

Nationalism
Devotion and loyalty to one’s own nation, patriotism

Individualism
A social theory advocating the liberty, rights, or independent action of one person

Rationalism
The principle or habit of accepting reasons as the supreme authority in the matters of opinion, belief, or conduct

Important themes
Nature, god, and patriotism

Personification
A person or object created to embody a thing or idea

Poets often compared themselves to…
Prophets in a time of crisis

What style was prominent during this period?
Sonnets/odes

Iamb
Set of 2 syllables, one stressed and one unstressed

Iambic Pentameter/verse
Style of writing with lines of 5 iambs each (ten syllables per line)

What is the rhyme scheme for romantic sonnets?
ABABCC

What caused complex allusions and metaphors to appear in Romantic poetry?
Interest in the occult, supernatural, dreams, folktales, and legends

It was believed that generally humans were good but…
They were corrupted by society

What are 2 major events in history, which brought about the Romantic period?
French Revolution/ American Revolution

Penta-
Prefix meaning 5

Who is considered to be the greatest sonneteer of all time?
William Wordsworth

What was the most common style of poetry during the Romantic Period?
Sonnets/Ode

What were common themes in Romantic poetry?
God, patriotism, and nature

Who wrote “To Hope”?
John Keats