accentual meter
It is a counting of stresses in a line.

alexandrine
A line of poetry that has 12 syllables.

alliteration
It is a repetition of a consonant sounds, especially at the beginning of words.

anacoluthon
It is for breaking off a sentence by a “-“

anapest
unaccented unaccented accented. e.g. intervene

anaphora
a repetition of a same word of the beginning of each line.

assonance
It is a repetition of a vowel sounds in a line.

Ballad
a narrative poem that is written in four lines in a stanzas

blank verse
a line of unrhymed iambic pentameter.

caesura
A long pause in the middle of the line, usually with two strokes “||”

chiasmus
It is a repetition of any group of verse elements in reverse order. (including rhyme, grammatical structure) e.g. ABBA

Couplet
a pair of rhymed lines that is a separated stanza in the end of the poem.

Dactyl
stressed unstressed unstressed

Elegy
a lyric poem that expresses the dead.

Elision
to ignore the unstressed vowel or syllable to match the meter of a line of poetry

End-stopped

enjambment

epic simile
A simile developed by several lines of verse

Figurative language
It is the language that is used for conveying something other than the actual meaning of the word.

foot
It is a metrical unit of the stressed and unstressed syllables.

Free verse
a meter or rhyme without any regular pattern

hyperbole
it is a speech of exaggeration

Iamb
unstressed stressed syllable in a word

Image
It is the picture of the poet’s feeling, idea, or impression in poem

imagery
It is a pattern of the use of language to form an image by the words in the poem

lyric poem
it is a type of poem that the feeling of poem is expressed and conveyed precisely.

metaphor
It is a prosody that is used when the poet is using something which is unlike the actual meaning of the poem. e.g. my love is a red rose.

meter
a measurement of the rhythmic accented pattern in the poem.

metonymy
?? a speech that a closely related term is substituted for an object or an idea.

narrative poem
a poem that tells a story

line lengths
one foot: monometer
two feet: dimeter
three feet: trimeter
four feet: tetrameter
five feet: pentameter
six feet: hexameter
seven feet: heptameter
eight feet: octameter

octave
an eight line in a stanza

ode
a long and serious poem with variation of length, meter, and form.

Onomatopoeia
A word that imitates the sound of an object. e.g. buzz, crack

Parody
a humorous poem that mocks and imitates a literary work

personification
it is when using an inanimate object to convey an animate object. e.g. the flag is waving at me

pentameter
a meter with five feet

pyrrhic
unstressed unstressed syllable in a word

quatrain
it is a stanza with four lines. it is like a paragraph

rhyme
it is a repetition of a vowel or consonant sound in two or more words.

rhythm
A repetition of stressed or accented in a line

sestet
6 lines in a stanza

sestina
39 lines in the entire poem with iambic pentameter. 6 lines each stanza (sestet), and end with a 3 lines envoi.

simile
it is a speech that compares a unlike object to another object. my love is like a red rose.

sonnet
14 lines in the entire poem with iambic pentameter. 4 quatrains and 4 lines each stanza (quatrain), and end with a 2 lines couplet.

spenserian stanza
8 iambic pentameter line and a final alexandrine (12 syllables in the last line) with a rhyme scheme of ABAB BCBC C

spondee
stressed stressed in a word.

stanza
it is a division of paragraph in the entire poem

symbol
an object that is mentioned in the poem stands for something else

synecdoche
?? a speech that a term is substituted as a whole

syntax
It is a grammatical order in the line or a verse.

tercet
3 lines in a stanza

terza rima
It is an Italian stanzaic form with tercet for the entire poem with a rhyme scheme of ABA BCB DED EFE, and so on.

tone
it is an implied attitude of the poet toward the idea of the poem.

trochee
accented unaccented in a word.

understatement
a speech that the poet says less than what he or she means

villanelee
19 lines lyric poem. repeats the first and third line in the first stanza for the entire poem. 16 stanzas – 5 tercets and 1 quatrain.

volta
It is an Italian word for “turn”

zeugma
one single phrase or word joins different parts of a sentence. e.g. They saw lots of thunder and lightning. (error is logical – lots of)