Fire and Ice Author Bio
Robert Frost 1874-1963
Dante’s Inferno talks of hell
was asked about his beliefs about the end of the world

Fire and Ice Speaker
narrator/unspecified speaker

Fire and Ice Theme
Division is an inevitable characteristic of human nature

Fire and Ice Literary Period
modernism

Fire and Ice Literary Devices
repetition
rhythm/rhyme
imagery
diction
in every situation of life, people always go to extremes

Counting Small-Boned Bodies Author Bio
Robert Bly 1926-2014
heard body count of Vietnam War & satarized army

Counting Small-Boned Bodies Speaker
a soldier in the Vietnam War

Counting Small-Boned Bodies Theme
unnecessary violence of wars

Counting Small-Boned Bodies Literary Period
post-modernism

Counting Small-Boned Bodies Literary Devices
repetition
syntax (2 long with short)
imagery
free verse

Birches Author Bio
Robert Frost 1874-1963
simple & agrarian lifestyle

Birches Theme
nature & youth//birches & boy
nature takes us back to our childhood

Birches Speaker
old man (reminiscing)

Birches Literary Period
modernism: rural setting & solo speaker

Birches Literary Devices
metaphor
alliteration
simile
personification
repetition
imagery
free verse
nature is important

Mantis Author Bio
Louis Zukofsky 1904
influenced by Marxism

Mantis Theme
be aware & respectful to those around you

Mantis Speaker
Louis (author)

Mantis Literary Period
modernism- how people would react to an unknown creature

Mantis Literary Devices
repetition
imagery
rhetorical questions
exclamatory sentences
similes & metaphors (him=globe)
criticizes free enterprise & says helping one person can change many lives

In a Disused Graveyard Author Bio
Robert Frost 1874-1963
experienced loss & inspired him to write poem

In a Disused Graveyard Theme
men believe the lie that they will never die

In a Disused Graveyard Speaker
Frost is speaking

In a Disused Graveyard Literary Period
modernism- new thinking

In a Disused Graveyard Literary Devices
imagery
rhyme
diction
couplet

Because I Could Not Stop for Death Author Bio
Emily Dickinson 1830-1886
introvert & depressed
knew & influenced by Ralph Waldo Emerson

Because I Could Not Stop for Death Theme
death is inevitable

Because I Could Not Stop for Death Literary Period
realism- death
modernism- nature

Because I Could Not Stop for Death Speaker
Emily Dickinson is speaker

Because I Could Not Stop for Death Literary Devices
extended metaphor (death=carriage ride)
personification
imagery
alliteration
free verse

Buffalo Bill’s Author Info
EE Cummings 1894
written 5 years after Buffalo Bills death//angry at death

Buffalo Bill’s Theme
the West becoming a part of American Society
American Optomism

Buffalo Bill’s Speaker
unknown

Buffalo Bill’s Literary Period
modernism

Buffalo Bill’s Literary Devices
distance between words & lines
personification of death
free verse

I Carry Your Heart With Me Author Info
EE Cummings 1894-1962
father died
wanted to write about things more important than life to keep you happy

I Carry Your Heart With Me Theme
unity of love

I Carry Your Heart With Me Speaker
EE Cummings/man expressing his love

I Carry Your Heart With Me Literary Period
modernism

I Carry Your Heart With Me Literary Devices
metaphors (beauty to world)
personification
repetition (i carry your heart)
imagery (love)
free verse
syntax (very odd capitalization & punctuation)
love can be tragic or good

Night, Death, Mississippi Author Info
Robert Hayden 1913
interested in African American history& racism (influence)
called self American poet
was African American

Night, Death, Mississippi Theme
mistreatment of African Americans throughout history

Night, Death, Mississippi Speakers
2; one observer & one participant

Night, Death, Mississippi Literary Period
modernism- uses experimentation & alienation
realism- discrimination is real

Night, Death, Mississippi Literary Devices
simile (moon to robes)
imagery
repetition (“time was”)
free verse
2 speakers- shows cruelty of whites & KKK to AA