poetry
pattern, arrangement of language, rhythm, the expression of emotion or feeling, and concentration or intensity in that expression

fixed verse
adheres to a template or formula which demands strict adherence to established guidelines for that form (ex. haiku must be composed of 3 lines, the first line must have 5 syllables, the second 7, the third 5; if it doesn’t it’s not a haiku)

free verse
poetry that is free from limitations of regular meter, rhythm, or regular rhyme scheme

narrative poetry
like a novel or a short story (tells a story); it has a plot related by a narrator, it has characters, settings, etc.)

epic
(narrative) a lengthy poem concerning heroic deeds and events significant to a nation or culture

ballad
(narrative) a short narrative poem often set to music and pertaining to a legend or myth

idyll
(narrative) short narrative poem describing a scene from rustic life

dramatic poetry
describes play written in verse; any poem that consists wholly of dialogue among characters, unmediated or minimally mediated by a narrator

lyric poetry
poems expressing the personal feelings, impressions, and thoughts of the speaker; typically short; while there might be actions, there isn’t enough plot to count as a narrative; while the poems might vividly describe the physical world, the focus is largely on the internal reflections of the speaker

Romantic Poetry
the nature of the self, man’s relationship to nature, an elevation of the imagination/creativity over rationality/enlightenment, revolutionary principles such as democracy socialism, feminism, civil rights, etc.

Victorian Poetry
the value of culture and social institutions, utility and structure, the role of women in public and private spheres, restrictions on sexual expression, man’s inherent animal nature

Modernist Poetry
the self in isolation, the nature of the human mind and its processes (memory, thought patterns, dreams, etc.), technology and its ability to change humanity (for good or ill), experimentation

Postmodern Poetry
relationship between the past and the present, multiplicity of perspectives, the difficulty, but necessity, of human connection