accent
the emphasis or stress given a syllable in pronunciation; CONtent (meaning subject matter) instead of conTENT(meaning satisfied)

alliteration
the repetition of the same consonant sound in a sequence of words, usually at the beginning of a word or stressed syllable

anapestic meter
the metrical unit by which a line of poetry is measured; two unstressed syllables followed by one stressed syllable (understand)

apostrophe
an address, either to someone who is absent and therefore cannot hear the speaker or to something nonhuman that cannot comprehend

approximate rhyme
the repetition of identical or similar concluding syllables in different words, most often at the ends of lines; predominately a function of sound, rather than spelling

assonance
the repetition of internal vowel sounds in nearby words that do not end the same; for example “aslEEp under a trEE” or “EAch Evening”

ballad
traditionally a song, transmitted orally from generation to generation that tells a story and is eventually written dow; can be a narrative poem that is written in deliberate imitation of the language, form and spirit of the traditional song

ballad stanza
a four line stanza, known as a QUATRAIN, consisting of alternating eighth and six syllable lines. Usually only the second and fourth lines rhyme

blank verse
unrhymed iambic pentameter; the english verse form closest to the natural rhythms of english speech and therefore is the most common pattern found in traditional english narrative and dramatic poetry from shakespeare to the early 20th century

caesura
a pause within the line of poetry that contributes to the rhythm of the line; can occur anywhere within the line and need not be indicated by punctuation

couplet
two consecutive lines of poetry that usually rhyme and have the same meter

heroic couplet
couplet written in iambic pentameter

dactylic meter
the metrical unit by which a line of poetry is measured; one stressed syllable followed by two unstressed syllables (desperate)

didactic poetry
poetry designed to teach an ethical, moral or religious lesson

doggerel
a derogatory tern used to describe poetry whose subject is trite and whose rhythm and sounds are monotonously heavy handed

elegy
a mournful, contemplative lyric poem written to commemorate someone who is dead often ending in a consolation

end rhyme
most common form of rhyme in poetry; the rhyme that comes at the end of lines

end stopped line
a poetic line that has a pause at the end; reflect normal speech patterns and are often marked by punctuation

english sonnet
fixed form of lyric poetry that consists of fourteen lines, usually written iambic pentameter; organized into three quattrains and a couplet, which typcally rhyme abab cdcd efef gg; allows more flexiility to where thematic breaks can occur; however the most pronounced break comes with the concluding couplet

enjambment
when one line ends without a pause and continue into the next line for its meaning