repetition
the same words or phrases throughout the poem or stanza

figurative language
figure of speech; writing or speech not meant to be taken literally

stanza
paragraphs of a poem

simile
comparing two things using “like” or “as”

metaphor
comparing two things without using “like” or “as”

onomatopoeia
a word that imitates or suggests the source of the sound it describes

personification
is an ontological metaphor in which a thing or abstraction is represented as a person; giving human qualities to objects or animals– dead leaves dance in the wind, blind justice

refrain
lines repeated in a verse

irony
difference between the way something appears and what is actually true

alliteration
the repetition of the same sound in a phrase or line. Deliberate consonant sounds like “careless cars cutting corners cause chaos”