poetry
writing that uses lines and stanzas, does not follow all the rules and conventions of our language

prose
standard written English; not drama or poetry; uses sentences, paragraphs, and punctuation

line
single row of words in a poem

stanza
group of lines in a poem; separated by blank spaces; like a paragraph in prose

couplet
two lines of poetry together

tercet
three lines of poetry together

quatrain
four lines of poetry together

Lyric poetry
poetry that expresses emotions

narrative poetry
poetry that tells a story

speaker
narrator in lyric poetry

haiku
Japanese poetic form with 3 lines; usually about nature; 5-7-5 syllable pattern

limerick
humorous 5-line poem with a,a,b,b,a rhyme scheme and a specific rhythm

ballad
song-like narrative poem; tells a story; has a refrain

free verse
poetry without rhyme or rhythm

sonnet
fourteen-line lyric poem

concrete poem
poem shaped like the subject of the poem

figurative language
writing or speech that is not meant to be taken literally; doesn’t mean exactly what it says

metaphor
comparison of two unlike things as if one were the other; does not use the words “like” or “as”

simile
comparison of two unlike things using the words “like” or “as”

hyperbole
exaggeration intentionally used for effect or to make a point

personification
giving human characteristics to non-human things

idiom
an expression whose meaning cannot be determined by the meanings of the individual words.

imagery
words to appeal to our senses and help us create images in our heads

sound devices
appeal to the reader’s ear and make the poetry more musical

rhyme
repetition of the ending sounds of words

repetition
repeating words, phrases, lines, stanzas, and even sounds in a poem

slant rhyme
near rhyme; rhymes that are close but not perfect

rhythm
pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of poetry

meter
regular pattern of rhythm created by using a pattern of syllables

alliteration
repetition of beginning consonant sounds in words near other in poetry

onomatopoiea
words that imitate sounds

symbol
an object or item used to represent something else