the literal meaning of the poem
a comparison of two different things or ideas through the use of the words like or as
a comparison without the use of like or as. The poet states one thing is the other
a type of figurative language in which animals, inanimate objects, or ideas are given human qualities
a reference to a mythological, literary, or historical person, place, or thing
saying one thing and meaning another; different from what is expected; a character’s words or actions have more meaning then he or she intended
appealing to the reader’s senses
a repetition of initial consonant sounds in nearby words
a repetition of vowel sounds within words
a repetition of consonant sounds within or at the end of words
the use of that sound like what they refer to
a repetition of final sounds in two or more words
the pattern of repeated sounds at the end of the lines
sometimes considered the rhythm, this is the number of stresses in each line
the number of stanzas and the number of lines in each stanza
poetry that does not follow strict formal patterns
the voice that talks directly to the reader in the poem; the speaker is not always the poet; every poem has a speaker!
the attitude a writer takes toward a subject, a character, or the reader; every poem has a tone!
the change in the feelings of the speaker from the beginning to the end; every good poem has a shift!
person, place, thing, or event that stands bother for itself and for something beyond itself
all the associations and emotions attached to a word
the deeper layer of meaning or hidden meaning suggested by the symbols in the poem; not all poems have symbolic meaning
the central idea or insight revealed by a work of literature; every poem has theme!
How should a paraphrase begin?
In the poem “poem title” by author,
How long should a paraphrase be?
It should have the same or fewer sentences than the number of stanzas in the poem.