Simile
Definition: A comparison made with “as,” “like,” or “than.”

Example:
Scarier than a bat
Crazy as a baboon
fought like cats and dogs.

Personification
Definition: A figure of speech in which the poet describes a non-living thing as if it were a person.

Example:
Flowers danced about the lawn.

Metaphor
Definition: A comparison that is without words such as “like,” “as,” or “than.”

Example:
the curtain of night
Sea of grief

Figure of Speech
Definition: An expressive, non-literal use of language such as hyperbole, irony, metaphor, and simile.

Symbol
Definition: Something, usually a physical object that represents an abstract concept or idea.

Example:
Harrys scar symbolizes what unique about him, his bravery

Free Verse
Definition: Non-metrical, non-rhyming lines that closely follow the natural rhythms of speech.

Example:
After the Sea-Ship—after the whistling winds;
After the white-gray sails, taut to their spars and ropes,
Below, a myriad, myriad waves, hastening, lifting up their necks,
Tending in ceaseless flow toward the track of the ship:
Waves of the ocean, bubbling and gurgling, blithely prying,

Stanza
Definition: A grouping of lines separated from others in a poem.

Example:

When there is a space between the paragraphs

End Stopped Line
Definition: A metrical line ending at a grammatical boundary or break—such as a dash or closing parenthesis—or with punctuation such as a colon, a semicolon, or a period.

Example:
A line usually having a punctuation and you pause

Enjambment
Definition: The running over of a sentence or phrase from one poetic line to the next, without terminal punctuation; the opposite of end-stopped.

Example:
A line without punctuation usually with no pause

Motif
Definition: A central or recurring image or action in a literary work that is shared by other works and may serve an overall theme.

Example: Gullivers travels and the hobbit represent long journys

Anaphora
Definition: The repetition of a word or words at the beginning of successive phrases, clauses, or lines.

Example:in the bible it says o lord ALOT

Alliteration
Definition: The repetition of initial stressed, consonant sounds in a series of words within a phrase or verse line.

Example: we saw the sea sound sing

Meter
Definition: The rhythmical pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in verse.

Example:
da DUM da DUM da DUM da DUM
My first best friend is Aw ful Ann
My fifth best friend is Ted the Toad

Onomatopoeia
Definition: A figure of speech in which the sound of a word imitates its sense

Example: Choo Choo or Buzz

Poetic License
Definition: A poet’s departure from the rules of grammar, syntax, and vocabulary in order to maintain a metrical or rhyme scheme

Example:
There once was a girl with no fanny,
Who had a hard time getting tanny.

Tanny is not a real word

Subject
Definition: The thing or idea a poem concerns or represents.

Example: the subject of a thanksgiving poem is thanksgiving

Rhyme Scheme
Definition: A rhyme scheme is usually the pattern of end rhymes in a stanza, with each rhyme encoded by a letter of the alphabet (ABBA BCCB)

Example:
My cat is nice. a
My cat likes mice. a
My cat is fat. b
I like my cat. B

Eye Rhyme
Definition: rhymes only when spelled, not when pronounced.

Example: through & rough

End Rhyme
Definition: the most common type, is the rhyming of the final syllables of a line.

Example:
And here on this turning of the stair
Between passion and doubt,
I pause and say a double prayer,
One for you, and one for you;
And so they cancel out.

Feminine Rhyme
Definition: applies to the rhyming of one or more unstressed syllables

Example:
Dicing & enticing

Masculine Rhyme
Definition: describes those rhymes ending in a stressed syllable (most common type of rhyme).

Example:
Hells & bells

Half Rhyme
Definition: the rhyming of the ending consonant sounds in a word

Example:
Tell & toll
Stopped & leapt

Identical Rhyme
Definition: uses the same word, identical in sound and in sense, twice in rhyming positions.

Example:

Internal Rhyme
Definition: rhyme within a single line of verse When a word from the middle of a line is rhymed with a word at the end of the line.

Example:

Epitaph
Definition: A short poem intended for an inscription on a tombstone or a brief elegy.

Example:

Dirge
Definition: A brief song of lamentation or grief to be performed at a funeral.

Example:

Elegy
Definition: It a melancholy or sad poem that laments (or grieves) the subject’s death.
Example: