Alliteration
The occurrence of the same letter or sound at the beginning of adjacent or closely connected consonant sounds; repeating initial consonant sounds of words

Allusion
A brief reference to a real or fictional person, event, place, or work of art

Assonance
The repetition of vowel sounds in a chunk of text; repeating vowel sounds

Ballad
A story/narrative in poetic form

Consonance
The repetition of consonant sounds, but not vowels, in a chunk of text

Diction
The author’s specific word choice

Enjambent
This occurs when one line ends without a pause or any punctuation and continues onto the next line; when a line of poetry continues to the next; indicated by no ending punctuation

Free Verse
Poetry that does not rhyme or have a measurable meter

Metaphor
A figure of speech that makes a comparison between two things without using connecting words, such as like or as; a direct comparison, where one thing is said to be another or the comparison does not use like or as

Meter
The measured arrangement of sounds/beats in a poem, including the poet’s placement of emphasis and the number of syllables per line; the rhythm and beat of a poem measured in stressed and unstressed syllables

Onomatopoeia
A word that sounds like what it means; using words and and letters to imitate sounds

Rhythm
The recurrence of stressed and unstressed sounds in poetry. Depending on how sounds are arranges, the ___ of a poem may be fast or slow, choppy or smooth; beat created by sounds of words in a poem. can be created by meter, alliteration, rhyme, and repetition.

Simile
A figure of speech that makes a comparison between two things using connecting words, such as like or as; a comparison which uses “like” or “as”

Symbol
An object or action that means something more than its literal meaning

Theme
The central meaning or dominant message the poet is trying to deliver to the reader

Tone
The attitude the poem’s narrator takes towards a subject or character: serious, humorous, sarcastic, ironic, concerned, tongue-in-cheek, solemn, objective, etc

Verse
A single line of poetry

Poetry
Type of literature that expresses ideas, feelings, or tells a story in a specific form

Point of View
Poet and speaker; who is talking

Form
type of poem; organization

Concrete Poem
Poem that is in a shape

Diamonte
Poem in a diamond shape;
If
you can see
this lovely poem
it would be an example
of the ___.
If

Line
group of words

Stanza
group of lines; a division of a poem

End Rhyme
a word at the end of one line rhyme with a word at the end of another line

Rhyme Scheme
pattern of Rhyme; labeling the pattern of rhyme in a poem, beginning with the letter A

Hyperbole
exaggeration often used for emphasis

Idiom
Expression where literal meaning is not actual meaning

Personification
an animal with human-like qualities; words that give non-humans and objects human traits and qualities are called __; giving human qualities to non-humans

Imagery
language that appeal to the senses; using words to appeal to one or more of the 5 senses

Irony
when something that is said/happened is the opposite of what was expected; the use of words to suggest the opposite of their meaning or what is unexpected

Couplet
2 lines

Triplet
3 lines

Quatrain
4 lines

Quintet
5 lines

Sestet
6 lines

Septet
7 lines

Octave
8 lines

Free verse
When the poem has no particular form, it is written in ___

Narrative Poem
a poem that tells a story, with plot and characters

Lyrical
poem that expresses an emotion

Elegy
poem that honors the dead

Speaker
the narrator of a poem

Iambic Pentameter
most common form of meter

Meter, Repetition, Rhyme, and Alliteration
four primary sound devices that evoke rhythm in poetry

Internal Rhyme
rhyme that occurs within a single line of poetry