Iamb definition
A rising meter – one unstressed + one stressed syllable

iamb example. U /
Examples – delight, belong, perchance
“But, soft! What light through yonder window breaks?

anapest Definition
rising meter – two unstressed + one stressed syllable

anapest Example u u /
Examples: understand, overcome, interrupt
“Twas the night before Christmas, when all through the house, not a creature was stirring not even a mouse.

Trochee Definition
Falling Meter – one stressed + one unstressed syllable

Trochee Example u /
Examples – lover, looking
Tyger Tyger, burning bright, in the forests of the night

Dactyl Definition
One stressed + two unstressed

Dactyl Example / u u
Example – Poetry, syllable, suddenly
“Half a league, half a league, half a league onward”

Spondee Definition
two stressed syllables

Spondee Examples / /
examples – heartbreak, football, breakdown
“White fonts falling in the courts of the sun” (not pure spondee – there aren’t any)

pyrrhic Definition.
two unstressed syllables – uncommon

monometer
1 foot – 2-3 syllables

Dimeter
2 feet – 4-6 syllables

trimeter
3 feet – 6 – 9 syllables

Tetrameter
4 feet – 8-12 syllables

pentameter
5 feet – 10-15 syllables

hexameter
6 feet – 12-18 syllables

octameter
8 feet – 16-24 syllables

Blank verse
Has meter but does not rhyme. Usually written in iambic pentameter

Free verse
no rhythm, has line breaks, heightened imagery, concentrated language, emotional effects, no rhyme. Most common in modern in America.

Epigram
a brief , witty saying which often ends with a satirical twist or memorable statement.

Limerick
a 5 line humorous poem
1st, 2nd and 5th lines rhyme

Ode
an elaborate poem praising/glorifying an event/individual or idea – should feel big

Parts of an Ode
Strophe, Antistophe and Epode

Haiku
5/7/5 syllables. Written in present tense. usually have nature as a subject

Shakespeare Sonnet
3 quatrains (4 lines) and one rhymed couplet

a foot
2-3 syllables long

Petrarchan Sonnet
8 lines stanza and a 6 line stanza