the deadest thing”
Neutral tones – “The smile on your mouth was …

looms that wild weird western shore”
Beeny Cliff- “What if still in chasmal beauty …

the softest call”
The Going- “Or lip me …

how you call to me, call to me”
The voice- “Woman much missed….

loom mechanic speech be wrought”
Shut out that moon – “Let dingy details crudely…

they breathed you to me”
Shut out that moon – “And wake the same sweet sentiments…

yawning blankness of the perspective sickens me!”
The Going- “Till in darkening dankness the…

Expression of regret in The Voice?
“much missed”
“how you call to me, call to me”
(any relevant answer with an explanation is acceptable)

Who is the “woman” in the reference “woman much missed” in The Voice?
Ambiguous, but likely refers to a lost lover/wife of the speaker or Hardy’s dead wife.

What is the rhyme scheme of At Castle Boterel?

What does “neutral tones” mean?
Ambiguous, but may refer to the monochromatic colour of sepia or gray or may refer to the pessimistic mood as well as the passage of time (as in the colour in the old photographs).

What does the “darkling thrush” symbolise?
In the context of the poem it offers hope, and a contrast to the speaker’s perspective and subsequently highlights the pessimism of the speaker/pessimistic mood of the poem.

What is the rhyme scheme of Beeny Cliff?

What is the effect of enjambment in The Going?
Extends the length of each uttering, imitates the pauses that people take when they are heavily affected by emotions, and amplifies the mood of misery.

What is the effect of the simultaneous use of interrogatives and exclamation marks to begin and end stanzas in The Going?
– to emphasise the frustration of the speaker
– to insinuate accusation towards the speaker’s deceased wife
– to highlight the emotion of regret….

What is the rhyme scheme of Shut out that moon?

How is the moon depicted in Shut out that moon?
The moon is personified. In the beginning of the poem, the poet is disrespectful to the moon; the moon is portrayed as “wear[ing] too much guise”, “stealing”. Throughout the poem, the moon is described as a thief of the speaker’s time; it is also employed to reflect slow and creeping movement, with reference to the theme of death and loss.

Tone of the speaker in Neutral Tones?
deadly, lethargic, elegiac, cursed, lacking warmth, barren

Imagery in Neutral Tones that contributes to its pessimistic mood?
“winter day”, “sun was white”, “starving sod”, “ash…gray”, “ominous bird”, “God-crust sun”, “a pond edged with greyish leaves”, etc.

Significant rhythmic/metric feature in Neutral Tones?
The use of anapaests –> depresses, slows, saddens –> misery

Key themes in During Wind and Rain?
The inevitability of death; the ominous passage of time.

Possible interpretation of the ending of The Darkling Thrush?
– that the persona is detached from the fun/joyous scene that he recognises but cannot relate to
– that the persona is isolated
– that the persona is imprisoned in his pessimism

Form of The Darkling Thrush and its effect?
4 octets;
rhyme scheme: ABABCDCD;
metre: iambic tetrametre/trimeter;
effect –> regularity, rhythmic, mimics the twittering of the thrush, imitates the repetitive, dull, lifestyle that characterised the pessimistic atmosphere of the pre-ww1 era, juxtaposes uncertainty experienced by the speaker.

It represents the physical connection between the lovers, and the argument made by the speaker that intercourse will not result in the loss of maidenhood.
What does the conceit in “The Flea” mean?

It shows that the lovers are still metaphysically connected despite being physically separated.
What is the conceit of the compass in a “Valediction” used for?

It symbolises the all-consuming nature of love.
What does the plague analogy and hyperbole in the “Broken Heart” symbolise?

It connotes love as a kind of monster that has the potential to destroy humans by trifling with hearts.
What does the semantic field of death in the “Broken Heart” connote?

The reader is encouraged to believe in the speaker’s argument, and become convinced by his confidence in his love.
What is the effect of conversational effrontery in “The Canonisation” ?

It shows the purity of their love as motivation for the actions of both the speaker and his lover.
What effect does the repetition of love have in “The Canonisation” ?

It establishes an argumentative tone, aiming to persuade the reader and those against the lovers that they should be free to love.
What is the effect of the rhetorical devices [question marks] used in “The Canonisation” ?

It shows that their love deserves a legacy.
What is the use of the semantic field of literary symbols in “The Canonisation” ?

It reaffirms the argument made by the speaker, allowing the conceit of the flea to come full circle.
What is the effect of the final rhyming couplet in “The Flea”: Just so much honour, when though yield’st to me // Will waste, as this flea’s death took life from thee.

It represents the passing of time and how this has no relevance to the lover’s microcosm – separate from all reality.
What does the Sun represent in “The Sun Rising” ?

It shows that the lovers are isolated in their metaphysical love, and that the laity is unable to reach this plane.
What is the effect of the contrast between the metaphysical world of the lovers and the rest of the world in “The Sun Rising” ?

It gives the poem a sensual tone, and reminds the reader of the speaker’s appreciation for the physical connection between the lovers.
What effect does sibilance have in a “Valediction”: “Care less, eyes, lips, and hands to miss. “

Donne uses erotic imagery – the undressing of the woman described in elaborate detail – to create a verbal striptease.
What is the effect of the erotic imagery of “Elegy 19” ?

It is very rhythmic and sensual. The technique facilitates the connection between the words and the actions of the speaker.
What is the effect of the caesura and alliteration in “Elegy 19” in the line: “Before, behind, between, above, below.”

This shows the playfulness of Donne in his poems. He is able to introduce controversial topics in his poems with enough ambiguity that it remains playful.
What is the effect of the double entendre in “Elegy 19”: “To enter in these bonds is to be free.”

It reflects the security in the relationship through the continuity of the rhyme. Also, it shows that there are two people in the relationship, through the alternating rhymes.
What is the effect of the alternate rhyme in a “Valediction”?

It emphasises the protest of the speaker against mourning and departure.
What is the effect of the caesura in a “Valediction”: “The breath goes now, and some say, No:……”