Simile
comparison containing the word like or as

Metaphor
comparison without like or as

Conceit
a surprising and unusual comparison between two very different things

Personification
A special kind of metaphor, in which an object, animal, or idea is described as if it were a person

Allusion
A reference, explicit or indirect, to a person, place or event, or to another literary work or passage

Apostrophe
addressing an absent person or a personified person, place, or thing

Symbol
anything that represents something else

Oxymoron
two contradictory terms juxtaposed

Hyperbole
deliberate exaggeration or overstatement

Paradox
statement that seems to be contradictory, but actually presents that truth

Pun
wordplay in which a phrase or word has two different meanings, or in which two phrases or words have the same sound

Image
A description of anything we can see, hear, taste, touch, or smell.

Imagery
Language that appeals to one or more of the senses and creates images, or pictures, in our minds.

Rhythm
A musical quality in poetry that comes from the alternation of stressed and unstressed sounds that make the voice rise and fall

Rhyme
repetition of the accented vowel sound and all remaining sounds in a word

End rhymes
Rhymes that occur at the end of lines

Internal Rhymes
Rhymes that occur within a line

Approximate Rhyme
the repetition of a sound is not exact

Alliteration
The repetition of consonant sounds in words that appear close together

Assonance
the repetition of similar vowel sounds with different consonant sounds

Consonance
the repetition sounds with different vowel sounds preceding

Onomatopoeia
The use of words that sound like what they mean

Metaphysical Poems
Also known as the “Jacobean age.”Poems of uneven or varying length. Discuss love and religion. Use wit to describe obscure learnings. Commonly use conceits and paradoxes. Principles of knowledge and being.

John Donne
Metaphysical Poet. Intended to be a priest but lost faith. Wrote about the positive/negative of love. More intellectual than emotional.

Description of “A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning”
Writer wants a quiet parting from his love because their love is private. Their love is stronger than everyone elses. Uses of conceits.

Who wrote “Sonnet 10”?
John Donne

Description of “Sonnet 10”
Death is being addressed in this poem. Basically mocking death and says that death isn’t that powerful. Death is just like sleep so why should we fear it.

Cavalier Poetry
characterized by; wit, short lines, precise language, charm, main themes; love, honor and time. Also known as “The Tribe of Ben.”

Who were the Cavalier Poets?
Robert Herrick and Richard Lovelace

Robert Herrick
an English clergyman and versatile poet; one of the Cavalier poets; writes about the enjoyment of nature and love.

Who wrote “To the Virgins, to Make Much of Time”?
Robert Herrick

Description of “To the Virgins, to Make Much of Time”
Carpe diem. Time goes by fast so do not waste a moment.Youth will go away very fast.

Richard Lovelace
Was a soldier in the Cavalier Army. Wrote witty, charming and graceful poetry. Poems usually concerned with the passing of time.

Who wrote “To Lucasta, Going to the Wars”?
Richard Lovelace

Description of “To Lucasta, Going to the Wars”
Leaving his love for war. His honor is more important than his love for her. He will now embrace his sword, horse and shield “with a stronger faith.”

Who wrote “To Althea, from Prison”?
Richard Lovelace

Description of “To Althea, from Prison”
Comparing the freedom of birds and his love. When he thinks of Althea he feels freedom. Uses metaphors. Nothing compares to the freedom he has when he thinks of his love.

Puritan Poetry
religious themes/messages. Formal language address to God. Usually depressing and gloomy.

Who was the Puritan Poet?
John Milton

John Milton
Went blind at 43. Wrote Paradise Lost (epic 12 part poem); Christian works, very religious, sonnets, explored human nature. Daughter wrote poems while he instructed her.

Who wrote “On His Blindness”?
John Milton

Description of “On His Blindness”
Italian sonnet. ABBA ABBA CDE CDE scheme. Without his talent, what is he supposed to do. He no longer knows how to serve God. Conclusion- God doesn’t need a mans talent. The angels are watching and knows that he cares.

James I
Little knowledge of England. Under his reign balance was lost. Persecuted Puritans. Growing of religious and political unrest. Shakespeares greatest writings were written during his reign.

Guy Fawkes Day
Celebrates when the citizens tried to blow up the Parliament building.

Charles II
Restored the monarchy in 1660. He reopened the theatres.

Oliver Cromwell
Leader of the Puritans.

Charles I
Struggled with Parliament over finanaces. Erupted into civil war Royalists v. Puritans. Puritans were the Parliamentary forces. Found guilted of treason and was beheaded in 1649.