title
Before you even think about reading the poetry or trying to analyze it, speculate on what you think the poem might be about based upon the title. Often time others conceal meaning in the title and give clues in the title. Jot down what you think this plan will be about

paraphrase
Before you begin thinking about meaning or trying to analyze the poem, don’t overlook the literal meaning of the poem. One of the biggest problems that students often make in poetry is jumping to conclusions before understanding what is taking place in the poem. When you paraphrase a poem, right in your own words exactly what happens in the poem. Look at the number of sentence in the poem you’re paraphrase should have exactly the same number. This technique is especially helpful for poems written in the 17th and 19th centuries. Sometimes your teacher may allow you to summarize what happens in the poem. Make sure that you understand the difference between a paraphrase and a summary

connotation
Although this term usually refers San Luis of the emotional overtones of word choice, for this approach the term refers to any and all poetic devices, such devices contribute to the meaning, the effect, or both. You may consider imagery, figures of (speech,simile,metaphor, personification, symbolism and etc.), diction, point of you, and sound devices (alliteration,onomatopoeia, rhythm and rhyme). It is not necessary that you identify all the poetic devices within the poem. The ones you do identify it should be seen as a way of supporting the conclusions you were going to draw about the poem.

attitude
Having examined the poem’s devices and clues closely, you are now ready to explore the multiple attitudes that may be present in the poem. Examination of directions, images and details suggest the speakers attitude and contributes to understanding. You may referred to the list of words on the tone that will help you. Remember that usually the tone or attitude can not be named with a single word think complexity.

shifts
rarely as a poem begin and end the poetic experience in the same place. As is true of most of us,the poets understanding of an experience is a gradual realization, and the poem and is a reflection of that understanding or insight. Watch for the following keys to shifts:
• key words, (but, yet, however, although)
•punctuation (dashes, periods, colons, ellipsis)
•stanza divisions
•changes in line or stanza length or both.
•irony
•changes in sound that may indicate changes in meaning
• changes in diction

title
Now look at the title again, but this time on interpretive level. What new insight does the title provide an understanding the poem.

theme
What is the poem I’m saying about the human experience, motivation, or condition? What subject or subjects it does it when address? What do you learn about those subjects? What idea does the poet want you to take away with you concerning the subjects? Remark remember that the theme of any work of literature is stated in a complete sentence.