Rime Riche
words with identical sounds but different meanings, such as “stair” and “stare”

Masculine Rhyme
rhyme that falls on the stressed, concluding syllables of the rhyme words

Feminine Rhyme
a rhyme in which the rhyming stressed syllables are followed by an undifferentiated identical unstressed syllable

Apocopated Rhyme
rhyme in which the final stressed syllable of a word is rhymed with the stressed syllable of a word ending in a stressed syllable followed by an unstressed syllable

Homeoteleuton
sameness or similarity of endings of consecutive words or words near each other: “relatively easily”

Leonine Rhyme
internal rhyming of the last stressed syllable before the caesurea with the last stressed syllable of the line

Rime Couee
a tail-rhyme stanza, in which two lines, usually in tetrameter, are followed by a short line, usually in trimeter, two successive short lines rhyming

Rhyme Royal
a seven-line iambic pentameter stanza rhyming ababbcc, sometimes with an alexandrine (hexameter) seventh line

Amphisbaenic Rhyme
named for the monster in Greek fable that has a head at each end and can go in either direction, the term is used to describe backward rhyme– that is, two rhyme words the second of which inverts the order of the first as in “step” and “pets”

Rime Retournee
the relation between such syllables as “pal” and “lap,” also called amphisbaenic or boustrophedon rhyme

Bob and Wheel
after a strophe of unrhymed alliterative lines, the poem shifts into a set of rhymed lines, the first (bob) very short, and the remainder (wheel) typically a short-lined rhymed quatrain

Amoebean Verse
pastoral verses in matched strophes or stanzas spoken by two speakers alternately

Amphigory (Amphigouri)
verse that sounds pleasing but contains little or no sense or meaning

Hudibrastic Verse
the octosyllabic couplet as adapted by Samuel Butler in his mock heroic poem “Hudibras” which includes humor, burlesque, satire, and outrageous rhymes

Chant Royal
French form of 60 lines arranged in five stanzas of eleven lines each and an envoy of five lines which starts with an invocation in the manner of the ballade

Rondel
a French form, a variation of the rondeau, to which it is related historically. 13 or 14 lines.

Roundeau
a set French verse pattern, artificial but very popular with many English poets

Triolet
a simple French verse of eight lines, the first two repeated as the last two, and the first line recurring as the fourth

Anacreontic poetry
verse in the mood and manner of the lyrics of the Greek poet Anacreon; poems characterized by an erotic, amatory, or Bacchanalian spirit

Goliardic verse
lilting Latin verse, usually satiric, composed by university students and wandering scholars; celebrating wine, women, and song, marked by licentiousness and irreverent attacks on church and clergy

Macaronic verse
a type of verse that mingles two or more languages

Plaint
verse expressing grief or tribulation; a lament

Serpentine verse
a line of poetry that begins and ends with the same word

Sestina
difficult verse form with six 16 line stanzas and a 3 line envoy

Skeltonic verse (“skeltonics”, “skeltoniads”
rollicking verse with short lines rhymed in groups of varying length, designed to suggest unconventionality and lack of dignity

Tenson (Tenzon)
a verse contest between Troubadours; also a lyric piece composed for such a contest

Ballad
a form of verse to be sung or recited and charaterized by its presentation of dramatic or exciting episode in simple narrative form. These originated in the oral tradition and include domestic episodes, dialogue, repetition, and a single episode

Folk Ballad
an anonymous ballad transmitted orally and usually existing in many variants

Street Ballad
folk ballad of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, printed as broadsheets or broadsides, often in the black letter with woodcut illustrations, and sung or recited while being peddled in public places

Art Ballad
a term used to distinguish the literary ballad of known authorship from the early ballads of unknown authorship

Broadside Ballad
ballads prepared for circulation on folio sheets, printed on one side only, two pages to the sheet, and two columns to the page. Because of their manner of publication, these were called broadsides. In the 16th century they were called a “people’s yellow journal”

Ballad Stanza
the stanza of the popular folk ballad with four lines rhyming abcb, with the first and third lines carrying four accented syllables and the second and fourth carrying three

Ballade
a popular artificial French verse form, not to be confused with the ballad. It contains a refrain and an envoy and often had a rhyme scheme of ababbcbc

Epyllion
a narrative poem usually presenting an episode from the heroic past and resembling an epic but much briefer and more limited

Phaleucian (Phalaecean)
a classical quantitative measure, usually with the pattern spondee, dactyl, and three trochees

Generative Metrics
a theory employing the methods of transformational-generative linguistics. This theory sees a number of positions in a line rather than a number of feet