anecdote
A short, entertaining story

bandwagon
An appeal to join the “winning side.”

bar graph
A graph used to show change in relationship at set points in time.

chronological
In order by time sequence.

couplet
Two lines of poetry whose end rhyme binds them together as a unit.

deductive
A method of logic which moves from a general principle to specific instances.

emotional
Based upon one’s feelings rather than logic.

endorsement
An appeal to action by a famous or admired person.

ethical
Based upon a sense of justice, fairness, right, and wrong.

exposition
Writing intended to describe, explain, or inform.

fallacy
Erroneous reasoning that renders an argument invalid.

free verse
Poetry with no regular pattern of rhyme or rhythm.

figurative language
Language which imaginatively describes or compares two or more unlike things.

imagery
Highly descriptive language that appeals to the senses.

inductive
A method of logic which moves from specific instances to a general principle.

legend
A table on a chart or map that explains the symbols used.

line graph
A graph showing continuous change across a span of time.

logical
Orderly thinking based on set principles.

metaphor
An implied imaginative comparison between unlike things.

meter
The rhythm of a poem based on ordered patterns of stressed and unstressed syllables.

metrical foot
A unit of stressed/unstressed syllables that join with other feet to create poetic meter.

personification
The giving of human characteristics to nonhuman things.

pictograph
A graph using symbols or pictures to add more information about data.

pie chart
A circle graph showing parts of a whole.

premise
The major idea on which an argument is based.

rhyme
Repetition of end sounds within or across lines of poetry.

rhyme scheme
The pattern of rhyme across a poem.

scansion
The process of analyzing the meter of a poem.

sequence
A method of ordering ideas in steps, as in a process.

simile
An imaginative comparison between unlike things using like or as.

spatial
Describing a physical object or space.

stanza
A series of lines of poetry bound together by rhyme and meter.

symbol
One thing that stands for something else in addition to itself.

topic sentence
The major idea of a paragraph explicitly stated.