rhyme scheme
“Our House”
by Dorothy Brown Thompson

Our house is small — a
The lawn and all — a
Can scarcely hold the flowers, — b
Yet every bit, — c
The whole of it, — c
Is precious, for it’s ours! — b

Acrostic
poetry in which the first letter of each line, when read vertically, spell out a word. The word is usually the subject of the poem
V anilla
A s I eat it on my brownie
N ot doubting it’s sweet
I ce cream is a tasty treat
L ots of lingering taste
L asting to the end
A lways my favorite!

Haiku
an ancient Japanese form with no rhyme. often deal with nature. This type of poetry has three lines with a fixed number of syllables
Line 1= 5 syllables– The dying plant bends
Line 2= 7 syllables– And drips its dew to the ground
Line 3= 5 syllables — It falls like a tear

Couplets
two-line poems with a fun and simple rhyming pattern- Each line has the same meter and their endings rhyme with one another
My English teacher wants me to use imagination
So I go to math class and let my mind go on vacation!

Cinquain
a form consisting of five lines. Each has a required number of syllables, and a specific topic
Line 1:Title (noun)- 2 syllables — Flowers
Line 2: Description- 4 syllables — Pretty, fragrant
Line 3: Action- 6 syllables — Waiting, watching, weeding
Line 4: Feeling (phrase)- 8 syllables — Enjoying all the while they grow
Line 5: Title (synonym for title)2 syll. — Gardens

Diamonte poems
diamond-shaped poems of seven lines that are written using parts of speech.
Line 1: Noun or subject = Home
Line 2: Two Adjectives = Safe, caring
Line 3: Three ‘ing’ words = Loving, sharing, talking
Line 4: Four words about the subject=
Friendship, food, car, travels
Line 5: Three ‘ing words = Living, loving, enjoying
Line 6: Two adjectives = Joyous, adventurous
Line 7: Synonym for the subject= Family

Limericks
whimsical, humorous poems with five lines with a rhyme pattern of AABBA
A flea and a fly in a flue
Were caught, so what could they do?
Said the fly, “Let us flee.”
“Let us fly,” said the flea.
So they flew through a flaw in the flue.

Shape Poems (concrete/pattern poems)
poem that form a visible picture on the page. The shape usually reflects the subject of the poem.
Trees blossoming in the spring
Clouds above give rain
Fruit will come soon
Nature is at work
while
trees
stand
still

Free Verse
poetry without rules of form, rhyme, rhythm, or meter; it is usually arranged in stanzas and lines (not paragraphs).
What do the oceans do at night?
Do they tease and tickle the bottom of boats?
Do they ripple away in fright?
Or are the beaches like coats
That keep them still and quiet
And once the day breaks and it’s breakfast time
Do the oceans wish for some other diet than fish?

Ballad
a type of narrative poem that tells a story; meant to be sung or recited
“Can’t Help Falling In Love”
by Elvis Presley

Wise men say only fools rush in
but I can’t help falling in love with you
Shall I stay
would it be a sin
If I can’t help falling in love with you

Like a river flows surely to the sea
Darling so it goes
some things are meant to be
take my hand, take my whole life too
for I can’t help falling in love with you

Like a river flows surely to the sea
Darling so it goes
some things are meant to be
take my hand, take my whole life too
for I can’t help falling in love with you
for I can’t help falling in love with you

Epic
a long narrative poem about the adventures of a hero whose actions reflect the ideals and values of a nation or group
“So I spake, and quickly they [the men] hearkened to my words. But of Scylla I told them nothing more, a bane none might deal with, lest haply my company should cease from rowing for fear, and hide them in the hold. In that same hour I suffered myself to forget the hard behest of Circe, in that she bade me in nowise be armed; but I did on my glorious harness and caught up two long lances in my hands, and went on the decking of the prow, for thence methought that Scylla of the rock would first be seen, who was to bring woe on my company. Yet could I not spy her anywhere, and my eyes waxed weary for gazing all about toward the darkness of the rock.

(Excerpt from “The Odyssey” by Homer)

Sonnet
a lyric poem of fourteen lines written in iambic pentameter with a specific rhyme scheme
Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day?
Thou art more lovely and more temperate:
Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May,
And summer’s lease hath all too short a date:
Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines,
And often is his gold complexion dimmed,
And every fair from fair sometime declines,
By chance, or nature’s changing course untrimmed:
But thy eternal summer shall not fade,
Nor lose possession of that fair thou ow’st,
Nor shall death brag thou wander’st in his shade,
When in eternal lines to time thou grow’st,
So long as men can breathe, or eyes can see,
So long lives this, and this gives life to thee.

(“Sonnet Number 18” by William Shakespeare)

Lyric
A short poem in which a single speaker expresses personal thoughts and feelings
I felt a Funeral, in my Brain,
And Mourners to and fro
Kept treading – treading – till it seemed
That Sense was breaking through –

(Excerpt from “I Felt a Funeral in my Brain” by Emily Dickinson)

Blank Verse
Poetry written in unrhymed iambic pentameter.
But, woe is me, you are so sick of late,
So far from cheer and from your former state,
That I distrust you. Yet, though I distrust,
Discomfort you, my lord, it nothing must…..

(Excerpt from “Hamlet” by William Shakespeare)

Quatrain
A four-line poem or a four-line unit of a longer poem.
“Popcorn popping
On the stove in a pan
I hardly think I can
Eat it without stopping”